What is access floor?

To know the question of what is a access floor, we give a short explanation about it. The access floor is a product that is implemented with the required height on the floor of the main structure. You should keep in mind that the access floor is not considered the main floor of your structure, and depending on the type of use and needs, the type of access floor is also determined.

The access floor is symmetrical to the access ceiling and as we can access the desired facilities in the access ceiling, this also happens in the access floor and in fact the Persian equivalent name of this product is “raised floor” in Iran. It is known and named with the term “access floor” and due to its similarity to the access ceiling.

The access floor, like the access ceiling, has a light structure, but of course, the weight imposed on the structure varies depending on the type of floor material, which is about 20 kg to 50 kg per square meter.

In fact, access floors are considered very necessary for the future needs of a building in today’s society.

What are the components of the access floor?

Different materials and materials are used in the construction and production of the access floor, and the structure and ingredients of the access floor lead to the formation of different types of access floor.

access floor components consist of three main parts: tile, base and stringer in its structure.

Access floor tile: The most important and main part of the access floor is its tile, the structure of the tile is different depending on its use.

60×60 access floor tiles include different coatings, aluminum access floor coating and steel access floor coating have two types of coating:

Access floor tile PVC coating

Covering HPL access floor tile

The base of the access floor: to create the height of Mor Nazar (the distance between the main floor of the structure and the required level), the minimum and maximum height is also variable in different types of access floor, and in some models, it has the ability to adjust the height, as well as the type of structure. The base also varies depending on the type of tile structure.

Stringer: It is used to place the tiles on the bases (horizontal connection between the bases) and also to improve the stability and distribution of the loads imposed on the structure and acts like a frame.

Why use access floor?

Access floors are engineered and functional products and are designed and produced based on and tailored to different needs. In the following, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of access floors.

What are the advantages of access floors?

The following points can be mentioned from the uses and advantages of access floor:

For easy and quick access to facilities including: electrical and mechanical facilities, guided cooling or heating systems without restrictions and…
Saves time – allows you to reconfigure your design as you change the workspace with minimal time.
Energy savings – helps you reduce energy costs by pushing air up through the floor rather than through the ceiling.
Cost Savings – By using suspended subfloor installations, you can reduce installation and maintenance man-hours of subfloor installations by 30-40%, resulting in shorter construction schedules and lower costs.
Creating air suitable for use – we can have a clean and fresh air system through a false ceiling instead of a false ceiling, and we can also introduce the required cooling and heating of the environment directly through a access floor instead of a false ceiling.
Customization potential – based on determining the type of cover and the height of the bases and the type of materials used in the production of access floors.
High resistance to pressure and impact (the amount of resistance is different in different models)
Ability to absorb static electricity in some models
The possibility of using the floor box to equip all the required sockets on the floor
As it was said, the access floor is symmetrical to the false ceiling, and due to easier access and easier maintenance of the equipment, we can install most of the facilities that you want in the false ceiling.

What are the disadvantages of access floor?

Among the disadvantages of the access floor, the following can be mentioned:

  • We have size and weight limitations in access floor production.
  • If the environment is not isolated and the necessary standards are not met in the main structure of the building, the space under the access floor can be a suitable environment for the entry of any type of pollution from harmful insects.
  • The use of access floor will cause some of the longitudinal space of the environment to be occupied and the height of the ceiling will appear shorter, unless the ceiling height considerations have been observed in the initial construction of the main structure of the building.
  • If the appropriate material is not used based on the environmental conditions (mainly weather conditions, traffic conditions, supply and maintenance conditions), the lifespan of the floor will be greatly reduced.